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美国农业部拨款支持藜麦研究(USDA grant funds quinoa research)
 
 
日期:2012-11-1 来源:本站翻译 作者:稼祺农业 所属分类:国内外行业信息
 

藜麦研究员墨菲(正面男)

By MATTHEW WEAVER

Capital Press 资本快报

The USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture recently awarded a $1.6 million grant to research the basics of growing quinoa.

美国农业部国家食品与农业研究所最近拨款160万美元支持藜麦种植基础研究。

The researchers, led by Washington State University, will study growing organic quinoa.

由美国华盛顿州立大学牵头的研究员们将研究藜麦有机种植技术。

"We really don't know a lot of those questions -- what's the best seeding rate, planting date, row spacing?" said WSU researcher Kevin Murphy.

华盛顿州立大学研究院Kevin Murphy 谈到:“我们对有关藜麦的好多问题还回到不好,比如最佳种植用种量,种植时间以及种植密度”。

Quinoa is a grain-like seed originally grown in Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Colombia. It is related to beets and spinach and has potential as a rotation crop in the Northwest, particularly for vegetables on the wet western side of the Cascade Mountains and for the main crops in the dry eastern side.

藜麦是一种形似谷物的种子,起源于厄瓜多尔、秘鲁、玻利维亚和哥伦比亚,与我们常见的甜菜、菠菜是近亲,藜麦是一种具有加大潜力用于西北部轮作的作物,尤其适合于Cascade山区西部湿地的蔬菜及东部干旱地区的主要作物轮作。

Farmers are looking to use it to break up disease cycles, he said.

农户在探索种植藜麦中断植物病害循环链,他说。

Murphy hesitated to suggest quinoa for large-scale operations until more information is known about it.

墨菲还不主张在研究清楚藜麦前大规模种植。

"We don't want anyone growing large acres of quinoa just yet," he said. "We need the varieties and infrastructure all set up for it first."

他说:“目前,我们不想让任何人大面积种植藜麦,我们需要有优良品种以及相应的设施准备”

The group plans for 2013 variety trials and hiring graduate students to study the basics of the crop, including its nutritional value, heat tolerance and response to high-salinity soils and dry conditions.

这个研究小组计划2013年做品种试验,同时让一些研究生负责作物的基础研究,包括营养价值,耐热性以及耐盐碱和干旱。

"If it gets above 95 degrees, the pollen can be sterile," Murphy said. "So that's one thing we've got to work on."

墨菲说:“如果温度超过95华氏度,花粉会失去活力,因此,这是我们要集中力量研究的内容之一”。

This winter, a WSU graduate student will research the market demand for quinoa, including the need for market classes, the amount consumed and the interest in local and regionally grown quinoa.

今年冬天,一位华盛顿州立大学的研究生讲研究藜麦的市场需求,包括不同市场的需求状况,消费量,以及当地及地域性种植藜麦的兴趣。

"(Farmers) will be able to figure out how to grow it -- they're already pretty good at growing stuff," Murphy said. "They want to know where they can sell it and what kind of a price they can get for it."

“(农民们)将会做出种植方案,他们已经对藜麦种植非常有经验了”墨菲说。“他们想知道如何销售藜麦及销售价格如何”。

Requirements include regional centers for quinoa storage and removal of the soapy outer covering, called saponin. Retailers and distributors want their quinoa free of saponin, Murphy said.

咨询的内容包括藜麦仓储中心的建立,如何去掉藜麦表皮的皂苷,零售商及分销商希望他们的藜麦是不含皂苷的。墨菲说。

Next August, WSU will host an international quinoa research symposium to coincide with the United Nations International Year of Quinoa. International quinoa researchers have confirmed their attendance, Murphy said. The grant helps fund the symposium.

明年8月,华盛顿州立大学讲主办国际藜麦学术讨论会,正好也是国际藜麦年之际。国际藜麦研究员们已经确定他们将参会,这些经费也解决了学术讨论会的费用问题,墨菲说。

By the end of the project, Murphy hopes to have released several quinoa varieties that will perform well around the region. The researchers are testing breeding lines from WSU and Brigham Young University, which has researched quinoa genomics for 10 years.

这个项目结束后,墨菲希望能够有一些好的品种能够提供给这一地区。研究员们正在试验华盛顿州立大学与Brigham青年大学的杂交品系,这些是经过10多年的藜麦基因型研究的结果。

The four-year project includes researchers from BYU, WSU Extension, Oregon State University and Utah State University.

四年的研究项目是由来自Brigham青年大学,华盛顿州立大学试验站,俄勒冈州立大学及犹他州立大学的研究员们实施。

The grant is part of $19 million awarded to various research and extension programs in the U.S. The Organic Research and Extension Initiative focuses on helping producers and processors who have adopted organic standards to grow and market high-quality products.

这次支助经费是美国各种试验项目经费1900万美元的一部分。有机研究与拓展发起中心将帮助使用有机生产者及加工者种植和加工更好的产品。

 

 
 
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